Wednesday, November 20

The Day after Tomorrow





Have you watched the movie “The Day after Tomorrow” ?



It’s a disaster* movie that became popular in 2004.


*disaster = a sudden event such as a flood, storm, or accident which causes great damage

ex.

natural disaster, air disaster (plane crash), nuclear disaster, etc.




In the movie, the bad effects of global warming became so terrible that a new Ice Age covered the earth.



Copyright Twentieth Century Fox




For some non-native speakers of English, the phrase “the day after tomorrow” may sound very serious and dramatic because of this movie. But in fact, “the day after tomorrow” is just a common expression to talk about time.




Basic Time Expressions



First, take a look at our basic time expressions:



0

today
this morning
this afternoon
this evening
tonight
this week
this month



Now change them to the future:


0

1
today
tomorrow
this morning
tomorrow morning
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
this evening
tomorrow evening
tonight
tomorrow night
this week
next week
this month
next month



Just be careful about “tomorrow” and “next.” Sometimes we have to use one and sometimes we have to use the other.



But aside from that, the future time expressions are quite easy.



Now, let’s change them to the Past:


-1
0

1
yesterday
today
tomorrow
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
yesterday evening
this evening
tomorrow evening
last night
tonight
tomorrow night
last week
this week
next week
last month
this month
next month



You will notice that the past of “night” is different from “morning,” “afternoon” etc. Please remember this point.


-1
0

1
yesterday
today
tomorrow
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
yesterday evening
this evening
tomorrow evening
last night
tonight
tomorrow night
last week
this week
next week
last month
this month
next month




2nd Level



If you extend the table further, you will see why “the day after tomorrow” is a common expression after all.


0

1
2
today
tomorrow
the day
after
tomorrow



And if you extend it further backwards, you will start to see the pattern.


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
tomorrow



You can also shorten “the day after tomorrow” into just “the day after.” And you can shorten “the day before yesterday” into “the day before.”



Like this:


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after




Follow the Pattern



First, remember the pattern:


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after



You can follow the same pattern for the other time expressions.


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
the morning
before
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
the morning
after



Got it?



Here’s another example:


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
the morning
before
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
the morning
after
the afternoon
before
yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
the afternoon
after



Now it’s your turn. Please practice making time expressions by supplying the missing words below:


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
the morning
before
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
the morning
after
the afternoon
before
yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
the afternoon
after
?

?
this evening
?
?



Do you know the answers?



... Here they are:


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
the morning
before
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
the morning
after
the afternoon
before
yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
the afternoon
after
the evening before

yesterday evening
this evening
tomorrow evening
the evening
after



Did you get all the answers right?



If so, congratulations! If not, you need to review the original pattern and practice:


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after




Night Time



How about this? What do you think the correct time expressions are?


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
the morning
before
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
the morning
after
the afternoon
before
yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
the afternoon
after
the evening before

yesterday evening
this evening
tomorrow evening
the evening
after
?
?
tonight
?
?




Like I said, you should be careful about “night” because it’s a little different from the others.



This way:


-2
-1
0

1
2
the day
before
yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
the morning
before
yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
the morning
after
the afternoon
before
yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
the afternoon
after
the evening
before

yesterday evening
this evening
tomorrow evening
the evening
after
the night
before
last night
tonight
tomorrow night
the night
after



In fact, if you make the complete expressions, you will see the big difference:



the day
before
yesterday

yesterday
today
tomorrow
the day
after
tomorrow
the morning
before
yesterday

yesterday morning
this morning
tomorrow morning
the morning
after
tomorrow
the afternoon
before
yesterday

yesterday afternoon
this afternoon
tomorrow afternoon
the afternoon
after
tomorrow
the evening
before
yesterday

yesterday evening
this evening
tomorrow evening
the evening
after
tomorrow
the night
before
last
last night
tonight
tomorrow night
the night
after
next




Last Night, Last Week, Last Month, Etc.



Our Pattern # 2 is used for other time expressions like “week,” “weekend,” the names of the seasons, “month,” “year,” etc.



Take a look:


the night
before
last
last night
tonight
tomorrow night
the night
after
tomorrow
the week
before
last
last week
this week
next week
the week
after
next



Here are the more examples:



the week
before
last week
this week
next week
the week
after
the weekend
before
last weekend
this weekend
next weekend
the weekend
after
the summer
before
last summer
this summer
next summer
the summer
after
the month
before
last month
this month
next month
the month
after
the year
before
last year
this year
next year
the year
after






Hope You Learned Something!

Keep on learning !









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