Monday, October 28

TV and IV




Do you know the meaning of TV in English grammar? Well, it’s most definitely not television.


all images courtesy of stock.xchng 



TV” means “Transitive Verb.”



Its partner word is IV. “IV” means “Intransitive Verb.”



Knowing that there are 2 kinds of Verbs, being able to tell which Verb is TV and which is IV, is a very useful skill in English.



For a quick review of this topic, please watch:







TV vs. IV



Transitive Verbs are Verbs that must always be followed by an Object. On the other hand, Intransitive Verbs are Verbs that can’t have an Object after them.



For example, the Verbslike” and “walk.”  



Take a look at our sentences below and tell me whether you notice anything strange about them.



(1) I like.

(2) I walk the office.



What do you think about our 2 sentences above? Do you think they’re ok?



In fact, the 2 sentences above are both wrong.



Why?



Because “like” is a Transitive Verb while “walk” is an Intransitive Verb.



This means that “like(Transitive Verb) must always have an Object after it.



So,


I like. = X

I like candy. = Ok



On the other hand, the Verbwalk” is Intransitive. This means that it can’t have an Object after it. An Object is a Noun, Pronoun or Gerund. In our sentence above, “the office” is an Object.



So,


I walk the office. = X

I walk. = Ok



Or, we can add a Preposition between the Verb and the Noun. If there is a Preposition, “the office” will not be an Object anymore.



I walk the office. = X

I walk to the office. = Ok



Did you get it?



Here are other examples of TV and IV.


TV


I buy. = X

I buy at the cinema. = X

I buy tickets at the cinema. = Ok


IV


I listen music. = X

I listen to music. = Ok

I listen from morning to evening. = Ok

I listen. = Ok





Word Partners



The difference between TV and IV becomes very noticeable and useful especially when we have 2 words with similar meanings.



Although the 2 words have similar meanings, one needs an Object after it while the other can’t have an Object.



For example,


(1) rise vs. raise

(2) succeed vs. accomplish

(3) grow up vs. raise

(4) appear vs. show

(5) remember vs. remind



As you might know, each pair of words is very similar to each other in terms of meaning, but there's something different between them.



Well, the first words (or the words on the left) are IV while the second words (the words on the right) are TV.


This means that:


1.


The temperature rises.

The temperature raises the tension.





2.


He succeeded.

He accomplished his goal.


(Note: The Verb “succeed” can also become TV or have an Object after it, but it will have a different meaning.)



3.


I grew up in Osaka.

My parents raised me in Osaka. (I was raised in Osaka.)



4.


The ghost appeared.

The ghost showed his bloody hands.



5.


The boss remembered.

The secretary reminded her boss.


(Note: The Verb “remember” can be both IV and TV, but the Verb “remind” is only TV.)



Of course there may be other ways of using the words above in sentences, but the basic principle remains: Intransitive Verbs, IV, can’t have an Object while Transitive Verbs, TV, must have an Object.



Take a look:


1.


His hand rises.

He raises his hand.


2.


He succeeded in his dream.

He accomplished his dream.



3.


I grew up without a father.

My grandparents raised me in a strict religious family.



4.


They appeared in a movie.

I showed her my painting.



5.


I remember clearly.

She reminds me of my mother.



As you can see, it’s not good to add an Object if your Verb is Intransitive, and it’s bad not to have an Object if your Verb is Transitive.



Take a look:


1.


They rise the price. ( = X)

The smoke raises. ( = X)


2.


He succeeded his plan. ( = X)

He accomplished. ( = X)


3.


My parents grew up me. ( = X)

I raised in the city. ( = X)



4.


They appeared a gun. ( = X)

I showed to my brother. ( = X)



5.


I remember her about the appointment. ( = X)

Now I remind. ( = X)






Hope You Learned Something!

Keep on learning !










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