Monday, September 16

What is SVOO?





Are you familiar with the structure S + V + O + O?




It is one of the basic sentence patterns in English. It means:



Subject + Verb + Object + Object



This pattern is a little confusing for learners because it has 2 Objects. Usually, there is only one.


Ex.


S + V + O


He + likes + apples.

They + collect + bags.

I + will buy + food.



Or there is no Object at all.



He + is walking.


S + V



Sometimes, we put Nouns after the Verb. They look like Objects. But they are just Nouns.



He + is walking + to + the park.


Subject + Verb




The Secret



The S + V + O + O pattern might seem strange, but it’s actually quite simple. If you know its secret, it will be easy for you to make S + V + O + O sentences.



Just remember, in S + V + O + O, there are 2 Objects. The first one is “somebody” while the second is “something.”



So:


S + V + O + O


S + V + somebody + something



Following this, you can say:



I gave Susan a flower. = Ok

I sent George a message. = Ok

I passed her the salt. = Ok

I threw them the ball. = Ok



Easy, right? Like I said, it won’t be difficult as long as you remember our handy formula:



S + V + somebody + something



But if you mix up the 2 Objects (somebody and something), it will give you trouble.



I gave a flower Susan. = X

I sent a message George. = X

I passed the salt her. = X

I threw the ball them. = X




Note: Not all Verbs can be used in the S + V + O + O pattern. Most of the time, the Verbs that we can use have the meaning of giving or transmitting.


Ex.


give, pass, lend, send, throw, bring etc.



Other possible words have a similar meaning to them, but indirectly:



show, cook, teach, sing, sell, pay etc.



So please be careful what Verb you use in the S + V + O + O pattern. Again, not all Verbs can be used this way.


Ex.


I find him his umbrella. = X

I take them the books. = X

I copy Linda my homework. = X

I study Mr. Smith a presentation. = X




Only One Object



There is another pattern in English that has only one Object. This is also very common; in fact, this is more common than S + V + O + O.


Ex.


I gave a lesson.

I lent my pen.

I sent a photo.

I passed the ball.



Sometimes, you can add another Noun after the Object. But because the meaning is already complete (S + V + O), you need to add a Preposition to connect the new Noun.



I gave a lesson to my student. = Ok

I lent my pen to Bill. = Ok

I sent a photo to her. = Ok

I passed the ball to him. = Ok



If you forget to add a Preposition, your sentence will be wrong.



I gave a lesson my student. = X

I lent my pen Bill. = X

I sent a photo her. = X

I passed the ball him. = X



Some learners often make the same mistakes above because they think they are following the S + V + O + O pattern. They are not.



Like I said, the S + V + O + O pattern means:



S + V + somebody + something


Ex.


I gave my student a lesson. = Ok

I lent Bill my pen. = Ok

I sent her a photo. = Ok

I passed him the ball. = Ok



If you switch “somebody” and “something,” you aren’t following S + V + O + O. In fact, you’re just making a normal S + V + O.



S + V + O


S + V + something



In this case, you need to use a Preposition if you want to add a Noun.



I gave a lesson + to my student.

I lent my pen + to Bill.

I sent a photo + to her.

I passed the ball + to him.




Other Prepositions



Aside from “to,” other Prepositions can also be used.



I gave money to the street child.

I will buy candy for Lucille.

I cooked Japanese dish for them.

I am making a power-point presentation for the conference.



It depends on what kind of Verb you are using.



I gave money to the street child.

I will buy candy for Lucille.

I cooked Japanese dish for them.

I am making a power-point presentation for the conference.




In Summary



In summary, there are at least 2 ways how to make a sentence in English. S + V + O and S + V + O + O are 2 of the most basic sentence patterns.



But using them depends on which Verb you are using. With some Verbs, you can use either of them.



S + V + O + O

S + V + O
I lent him my book.
I lent my book to him.
I am writing her a letter.
I am writing a letter for her.
I will pay him 20 dollars.
I will pay 20 dollars to him.
I bring them sweets.
I bring sweets to them.
I will buy her a notebook.
I will buy a notebook for her.




Hope You Learned Something!

Keep on learning !








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