Friday, June 28

One Word or Two?





In English, we have what I like to call the “All Twins.” They are:



All right vs. Alright

All ready vs. Already

All together vs. Altogether



These pairs are very confusing and a common cause of mistakes – not only for students and non-native speakers but also for native speakers.  


image courtesy of stock.xchng



Today we’re going to talk about the proper spelling of these words. And before you say that spelling and writing aren’t so important compared to speaking, you had better think again. In this age of SNS (Social Networking Service) and sharing – through Facebook, Twitter, and Google+ -- your “small” mistakes in spelling become huge and your temporary* mistakes become permanent**.


*temporary = only for a short time


**permanent = for a long time or forever  



If you’d like to learn more about the importance of spelling in today’s world of instant communication, please read:








Difference in Structure




Let’s start with one of our target words for today: All right.



As you know, this is a very flexible and practical word. But what people don’t realize is, in terms of spelling, there are actually 2 versions of this word.  



Take a look:


All right

Alright



Some people freely use the second version (alright), thinking that it’s original and more common.



As a matter of fact, all right (2 words) is the original and, between the two words, all right is more widely accepted.



Why? How did this happen?



Well, through the long development of vocabulary in the English language, we can find cases of words being fused together. For example,



all ready >>>>> already


all together >>>>> altogether



Maybe because of fusions in spelling like the ones above, some people thought that the original is “alright,” not “all right.”



Anyway, the arrows above mean that at different points in the development of the English language, some separate words got combined into one.



For example, “already” as a word started as a fusion of “all ready.” This happened around the 1300s. At that time, the word was used colloquially* in the US and for emphasis (stronger meaning).


*colloquially = in casual conversation, not in writing or formal situations  



Similarly, “altogether” came from the Middle English word altogedere, which was a combination of al (all) and togedere (together). It was first used in the 13th century.  



But be careful with “alright.” This word is much younger than our two words above. “Altogether” and “already” have been in use for over 700 years, while “alright” has been around only for about 100.



Yes, alright is starting to gain acceptance among English speakers, and in the future it might become standard. But at present, a number of people still consider it grammatically wrong and improper.




English is Changing



Let me just remind you how the English language is always changing. It’s not fixed or solid. If it was, it would be a dead language.



Instead, English as it is used by a community of people has never stopped developing. And it will continue to do so and become richer as a language. This is why a word like “alright” was completely wrong and unacceptable before, but now, it’s gaining more popularity, and in the future, who knows?



But for you as a learner of the language, it would be better to avoid gray* points like this.


*gray = not clear; not black and not white



Thinking practically, I encourage you to stay away from using “alright(1 word) and practice a lot with “all right(2 words) at this stage in your learning.




These days, the pairs of words (the All Twins) are what we call “homophones(words with the same sound but different spelling).



These are all very similar:



All right vs. Alright

All ready vs. Already

All together vs. Altogether

You’re vs. Your

They’re vs. Their vs. There

It’s vs. Its



As you might know from experience, pairs of words like these are very confusing to use.




Difference in Meaning




1. All ready vs. Already




Part of Speech

Meaning
all ready
Adjective
completely prepared
already
Adverb
before / sooner than expected



Take a look at this example:



A: Are you ready to go?

B: Yes, I’m ready.



If you want to emphasize your words (make them stronger), you can say:



A: Are you ready to go?

B: Yes, I’m all ready.



It means “completely prepared.” So, if you wish, this can be a useful technique for you, you should remember all ready this way:



all + ready = completely + prepared



Easy, right?



It’s very similar to another Adjective: “set.” It has the same meaning as “ready.”



A: Are you set to go?

B: Yes, I’m set.


Or,

B: Yes, I’m all set.



As you can see from our examples, the word “ready” is an Adjective, and the word “all ready(2 words) is an emphasized Adjective.



On the other hand, already (1 word) is an Adverb. And it means (1) before or (2) sooner than expected.



For example,


A: Have you eaten lunch yet?

B: Yes, I have already eaten. / 
Yes, I already ate.


A: Pete, do you want to see The Hangover with us?

B: Sorry but I’ve already seen it.


A: Where’s Nicole?

B: She already left.



As you can see, already (1 word) is different from all ready (2 words). Already is a typical Adverb while all ready is an Adjective.




2. All Together vs. Altogether




Part of Speech

Meaning
all together
Adjective / Adverb
as a group / at the same time
altogether
Adverb
entirely; wholly; completely  



Let’s start with the easy one: altogether (1 word).


Ex.


It’s not altogether bad.
= It’s not completely bad


It’s Ok to make mistakes as long as you don’t give up altogether.


A JPG file is altogether different from a PNG.


No, this isn’t Heat vs. Spurs. This is a new game altogether.



As you can feel from our examples, altogether means wholly or completely.



Now, if you want to use all together (2 words), you can do it in 2 ways:



(1) As an Adjective, it means “as a group”


Ex.


They were all together inside the restaurant.



(2) As an Adverb, it means “at the same time”


Ex.


Let’s do it all together.
(= all of us should do it at the same time)



Confusing, right? Well, you need practice to become good at it. If you want, you can refer to our table above whenever you forget the difference between the two.




3. All Right vs. Alright



The table for this pair should be easy enough:



Part of Speech

Meaning
all right
Adjective / 
Adverb
okay; satisfactory / 
accurate
alright
X

X



But because the language is changing, here is what some people think about alright:



Part of Speech

Meaning
all right
Adjective / 
Adverb
okay; 
correct
alright
Adjective / 
Adverb
okay; 
satisfactory



First, it’s useful to remember that all right (or alright) is mainly used in spoken English. It’s not advisable in formal writing.


This gesture commonly means "all right." (Before it became "like")
image courtesy of stock.xchng


Ex.


A: Do you want to come along?

B: Oh, all right.



Don’t worry. I’m all right.



His answers are all right.



Some people are brave and substitute alright (1 word) in all the situations above. Some people also feel that alright is more modern than all right. And it has been used by some authors, journalists, and artists.



For example,


Alright with Me – Janet Jackson (1989)

Gonna Be Alright – Jennifer Lopez (2002)



And in some situations, alright can help make the meaning clear.


Ex.


His answers are all right. = all correct


His answers are alright. = satisfactory



But like I said, as a student, you are better off practicing with all right (2 words) first -- in all situations.





Hope You Learned Something!

Keep on learning !










No comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for reading my Blog.

Your questions, comments, feedback etc. are always welcome ;-)

Any Questions?

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...