Saturday, April 13

10 Adverbs





Today we’re going to learn about Intensifiers.



Are you familiar with this word? Intensify?



Intensify” means to make greater, stronger, or more extreme. So Intensifiers are words that increase the force of a sentence.


 
all images courtesy of stock.xchng



Intensifiers are Adverbs. So, all of the words that we're going to learn today are of this type.



Today we’ll learn:



# 1. Very

# 2. Really

# 3. So

# 4. Well

# 5. Much

# 6. A lot

# 7. Pretty

# 8. All

# 9. Terribly

# 10. Extremely



Let’s start…




# 1. Very = One of the most common Intensifiers



Formulas

Examples


Very + Adjective


She was very angry at him.


Very + Adverb

They work very hard





# 2. Really = just like “Very,” but with one extra function*.



Formulas

Examples


Really + Adjective


It was really expensive.


Really + Adverb

She talks really fast.


Really + Verb*


I really like dogs.





# 3. So = similar to “Very” and “Really



Formulas

Examples


So + Adjective


I was so tired yesterday.


So + Adverb


It rained so hard last night.





Note: So” as an Intensifier can be heard mostly in informal speech. In writing and formal speech, “so” is usually followed by a That Clause.


Ex.

I was so tired. (= informal) 


I was so tired that I fell asleep on the couch.
(= formal) 



You can also use “so” together with the word “not” or in a sentence that has a generally negative meaning. You can intensify an Adjective or Noun Phrase if you do this.



But this is also considered informal and used especially by young people.



Ex.


That skirt is so last year. (= old-fashioned)

I am so not fat.

That is so not funny.

My mom is so going to kill me.

I so don’t believe you.

He is just so not the right person for her.

I am so over that guy!




# 4. Well As you very well know, the Adverbwell” is used this way:



Ex. 


She speaks English well.


You did your job well.



But there are other ways that we use “well” :



Formulas

Examples

Well + before

I’ll be gone well before your father comes home.

Well + after

It was well after 4 a.m. when the party ended. 
Well + above

His grades are well above those of his classmates.

Well + below

The tunnel is well below sea level.

Well + ahead
The new employee finished his work well ahead of the others.

Well + behind

He is well behind the times. (old-fashioned)
Well + over

She is well over 40.

Well + aware
I am well aware of the problem.

Well + worth

The new museum is well worth a visit.




Finally, “well” is also used for making many Compound Adjectives (Adjectives that have two or more words).



Ex.

a well-done steak
(completely cooked) 





well-fed birds in the park


a well-maintained garden


a well-off (rich) businessman


a well-paid employee


a well-managed company


a well-built ship


well-chosen members


a well-known actor




# 5. Much



Formula

Examples


Much + too + big / old etc


This shirt is much too loud for my taste.


Much + Comparative Adjective / Adverb


Bruce is taller than Hilda.

But a giraffe is much taller than Bruce.

  







# 6. A lot = Similar to Much



Formula

Example

A lot + Comparative Adjective / Adverb


Women shop a lot longer than men.




Note: You can also say “a whole lot


Ex. Women shop a whole lot longer than men.


This is informal style.




# 7. Pretty = This Adverb is used especially in spoken (not written) English



Formulas

Examples


Pretty + Adjective


I’m pretty sure. (= fairly; not Intensifier)

That sounds pretty good to me. (= very; Intensifier)


Pretty + Adverb


You look pretty tired. (= fairly; not Intensifier)




Other Formulas

Examples


Pretty + much


Don’t worry. They’re all pretty much the same.
(= almost the same)

We were left pretty much alone on the beach.
(= almost completely alone)


Pretty + well


I can pretty well guarantee that he’ll make a great presentation.
(= almost completely guarantee)


Pretty + near

Pretty + nearly
(British)


Their divorce pretty near killed him.
(= almost killed him)




# 8. All = Has many uses and meaning. But as an Intensifier, it is used this way:



Formulas

Examples

All + Adjective


Our relationship is all over. (= completely finished)

I’m all alone now. (= completely alone)


All + Adverb


I want to travel all around the world. (= to every place)


All + Preposition


OMG! I forgot all about it! (= completely forgot)





# 9. Terribly = Of course this word has its own original meaning. But it’s also used as an Intensifier, especially in British English.



Formulas
Examples


Terribly + Adjective


I’m terribly sorry to have kept you waiting.

Where have you been? I was terribly worried about you. 


Terribly + Adverb


I feel terribly sick.




# 10. Extremely = This has the same meaning as “Very



Formulas
Examples


Extremely + Adjective


I’m extremely sorry to have troubled you.

That file is extremely important.


Extremely + Adverb


He knows the topic extremely well.





Hope You Learned Something!

Keep on learning !








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