Be careful, English learners. You might not know it but, actually, there are 2 different kinds of words when you say “close.”
Take a look:
Close (Adjective) = near, not far
Closed (Adjective) = shut, people can’t enter
As you can see, because the 2 words are very similar to each other, it’s important to pronounce them carefully. Like this:
Close = klohs
Closed = klohzd
The sound at the end is important.
The Meaning of “Close”
I suppose that you are already familiar with the word “closed.”
The door is closed.
The museum is closed to the public.
On the other hand, the word “close” can be used in many different situations.
Here are 5 of its most common meanings:
# 1. Near
Ex. The closest bar to our hotel is 200 meters away.
Ex. The hotel is close to the convention center.
# 2. Soon
Ex. It’s close to summer vacation.
Ex. My birthday is getting closer!
# 3. About to do something
Ex. She was close to losing it.
(about to become very angry)
Ex. She was close to tears.
(about to cry)
# 4. Similar
Ex. The design is very close, but it’s not the same.
Ex. The taste is close to lemon.
# 5. Like or love each other very much
Ex. My sister and I are close.
Ex. I wanna be close to you.
Verb Closed vs. Adjective Closed
I hope it’s clear so far. Because right now, we’re going to introduce another word that might make things complicated.
Let’s learn the Action Verb “close.”
“Close” (Verb) means to shut, stop operating etc.
So you can say:
They + close + the door.
They + close + the shop.
And, according to the different Tenses in English:
# 1. They close the shop (every day).
# 2. They are closing the shop (now).
# 3. They have closed the shop (already).
# 4. They closed the shop (a while ago).
# 5. They will close the shop (soon).
As you might have experienced, this is a bit confusing because it is very similar to the Adjective “closed,” especially the Past Tense (# 4).
But please don’t be confused:
They close the shop.
The shop is closed.
They are closing the shop.
The shop is being closed.
They have closed the shop.
The shop has been closed.
They closed the shop.
a while ago
The shop was closed.
They will close the shop.
The shop will be closed.
In our table above, you can see that “Closed” sometimes becomes the Passive of the Verb “Close.”
But as a matter of fact, it’s better to remember “Closed” just as an Adjective. Not as a Verb.
The window is closed. = now
The window was closed. = last night
The window will be closed. = tonight
Open or Opened?
This is another problem of learners. But please remember that although the Adjective form looks like this:
The door is closed.
The Adjective “open” doesn’t have “ed” at the end.
The door is opened. = X
The door is open. = Ok
If you think “opened” is correct because you heard it somewhere, you might be thinking about the Verb “open.”
He will open the door.
He is opening the door.
He opened the door.
In the same way, Open (Verb) and Open (Adjective) are different.
Close vs. Closed vs. Close vs. Closed
In summary, I hope you aren’t confused between these 4 words:
Excuse me. Is the bank close? = near
Excuse me. Is the bank closed? = shut (Adjective)
Excuse me. What time do you close? = shut (Verb)
I can’t remember what time they closed. = shut (Verb; Past)
Hope You Learned Something!