Tuesday, January 1

How to Greet Your Friends




image courtesy of stock.xchng




Happy New Year, everyone!! ;-)



I hope you all had wonderful holidays and you have a very productive 2013 ahead.



For New Year's Day and other special occasions, we should learn how to say our greetings properly. Now is a good time to learn how to use “hope” and “wish.”




Actually, I’ve already discussed a part of this topic here in Cool Elf. If you want a quick review, just click the link below:








How to Use “Hope”



To use the word “hope,” it’s practical to follow this formula:



hope + that + S + V (present)


Ex.


I hope he quits smoking.

I hope we find a good hotel.

I hope it’s sunny tomorrow.



It might come as a surprise to you but, in fact, it isn’t necessary to use “hope” with “will.” This is because the meaning of future is already included in the word “hope.”



Of course you can still hear some people using “hope” and “will” together, but I encourage you to practice making “hope” sentences with the Present Tense. Like our examples above and these:


Ex.


I hope you get the job.

I hope she isn’t late tomorrow.

I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow.



It might feel a little difficult especially because you’re not familiar with using “hope” and the Present Tense. But practice will make you better.




How to Use “Wish”



On the other hand, when you’re using “wish,” it’s good to follow this formula:



wish + that + S + V (past)


Ex.


I wish I had a lot of money.

I wish I were a famous actor.

I wish I spoke English fluently.



Don’t misunderstand. Even though our Verbs are in the Past Tense, the meaning isn’t past. The meaning is either present or future. Only the structure is past.



It feels right for learners to use “wish” together with “would.” In the same way, you want to put “hope” and “will” together.



But again, this isn’t really necessary and it’s better for you to follow our formula above.



Here are some more examples:


I wish I didn’t have to go to work today. (= Ok)

I wish she lived near here. (= Ok)

I wish it wasn’t raining. (= Ok)




*Note: Sometimes it’s possible to put “wish” and “would” together. But this adds a different meaning to your sentence. This means a situation that doesn’t change and it often expresses a complaint from the speaker.



For you, it’s useful to practice making sentences with “wish” and the Simple Past Tense.




Hope, Wish, and the Conditional



As you might have guessed, there’s a connection between our two expressions “hope” and “wish” and the Conditional (If).



Take a look:


3 Types of
Conditional


If + present…

hope + present.
If + past…

wish + past.
If + had p.p. …

wish + had p.p.



This means that the situations when we use the different types of Conditional are very similar to those when we use “hope” and “wish.”



In fact, the only difference is that the Conditionalif” is just a clause, while “hope” and “wish” are complete sentences.



Their situations are similar. See for yourself:



3 Types of
Conditional


Situations
If + present…

hope + present.
real / high possibility
If + past…

wish + past.
unreal / low possibility
If + had p.p. …

wish + had p.p.
past unreal



Following the table above, you can make sentences like:


Ex.


I hope he gets a high score.

( ==> I’m quite confident that he will)


I wish I knew how to cook.

( ==> It’s opposite to my situation now or it’s quite difficult to happen)


I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow.

( ==> the probability is high that this will be true)


I wish it wasn’t so hot.

( ==> It’s hot now and I don’t like this situation)




Conditional Review



If you want a quick review of the Conditional, you can check these out:










Finally, Greetings



Now we’re ready to talk about greetings.



First, according to what we’ve discussed, these formulas are correct:



Verb + that + S + V

hope + that + S + Present

wish + that + S + Past



In addition, you can remember this:



wish + somebody + Noun



This formula is especially used for greetings.


Ex.


We wish you a Merry* Christmas.

* “merry” has the same meaning as “happy”

I wish you a Happy Birthday.

I wish you a Happy New Year.



Here are more examples:



We wish you a wonderful / safe trip.

I wish you success / a good life.

I wish you a happy marriage.



Unfortunately, you can’t do the same with “hope.”



hope + somebody + Noun = X



But you can still use the original formula:



hope + that + S + V


Ex.


I hope that you get a high score. = Ok

I hope that you win / succeed. = Ok

I hope that you find happiness. = Ok



And this is something “wish” can’t do.


Ex.


I wish that you win. = X

I wish that you make a lot of money. = X

I wish that you get married. = X



In short,



We wish you a Merry Christmas. = We hope you have a merry Christmas.


We wish you a safe trip. = We hope you have a safe trip.


I wish you good health. = I hope you enjoy good health.



As you can feel, it’s sometimes necessary and convenient to add a specific Verb (action) to your sentence:


Ex.


I hope you get back together with her.

I hope you finish your work in time.

I hope you make many new friends.



Finally…



Sentence Formula

hope that + S + present
wish that + S + past
Greeting Formula

hope that + S + present
wish + somebody + Noun





Keep on learning !
















No comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for reading my Blog.

Your questions, comments, feedback etc. are always welcome ;-)

Any Questions?

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...