Wednesday, November 14

What Part of Speech?





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Today we’re going to talk about Parts of Speech. This is one of the most basic and essential topics in English.



Part of Speech” means the type or kind of the word that you are using. Whenever you make a sentence -- in speaking or in writing -- you should always think of what kind of word you're trying to use. If you don’t, chances are that you’ll make a mistake.



You should always think about the Part of Speech.



In English, there are 8 different Parts of Speech:



  1. Noun

  2. Pronoun

  3. Verb

  4. Adjective

  5. Adverb

  6. Preposition

  7. Conjunction

  8. Interjection



If you include the Articles – “a,” “an,” and “the” – like some books do, there will be 9 different kinds.



It will be very useful for you if, as you study Vocabulary, you try to keep in mind the Part of Speech of each word that you’re learning. Not only the word’s meaning but especially its type and how it can be used inside a sentence are important.



Also, don’t be surprised because some words may belong to more than one Part of Speech (!)



Ex.


Study = Verb, Noun




We’re not going to talk about each and every Part of Speech here. Instead, I’ll try to practice you and show you how useful they are.



First, take a look at the table below. If you can, try to fill in the missing words:




Adjective

Noun
tall

height
heavy

weight
old

age
long

?
wide

?
deep

?







Note: For the first three Verbs, there are actually more direct answers. For example, “tallness” and “heaviness.” But for this exercise we will use the answers above.



With the last three Verbs, please think of their direct Noun forms.



Do you know the answers?

.

.

.

.



Here they are:



Long >>>>>> Length

Wide >>>>>> Width

Deep >>>>>> Depth





Making Sentences



Now that we know the right Vocabulary and its type, we can start making sentences.



Once more, please try to fill in the missing words. 



Adjective

Noun
How tall are you?

(height) ?
How heavy are you?

(weight) ?
(old) ?

What’s your age?
(long) ?

What’s the length of this table?
How wide is this table?

(width) ?
How deep is the water?

(depth) ?




Do you know the answers? 



Before you check the answers below, first try and analyze the table above and follow the 2 patterns of question.

.

.

.

.

Here are the correct structures: 



Adjective

Noun
How tall are you?

What’s your height?
How heavy are you?

What’s your weight?
How old are you?

What’s your age?
How long is this table?

What’s the length of this table?
How wide is this table?

What’s the width of this table?
How deep is the water?

What’s the depth of the water?




Did you get all of them right?

;-)



As you can see from our exercise, the construction of your sentence changes depending on what type of word you are using.



So, you should always know what Part of Speech your words are.






Hope you learned something!

Keep on learning !













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