Friday, September 21

Most, Most of, Almost, The Most





Today we’re going to discuss 4 expressions:








In order to learn how to use each of them, first, we have to know what kind of words they are.



Most” and “Most of” are actually Adjectives.



This means that “Most” will describe a Noun and will come before it. Like this:


Ex.


Most people like coffee.

Most Japanese like fish.

Most children enjoy games.



Easy, right?



It’s the same with “Most of.” But you have to be careful because when you use “Most of,” you need to add an extra word before the Noun.


Like this:


Most of + Noun = X

Most of + extra word + Noun = Ok




What kind of “extra word” should we insert?



You can use any of these words:


                Most of                 | + Noun
                                      the       |
                                 |      this       |
                                 |      that      |
                                 |      these  
                                 |      those   |
                                 |      my       |
                                 |      his       |
                                 |      our      |
                                 |     your      |
                                 |     Tim’s    |
                                 |      etc.      |



It’s very common for students to make these mistakes:


Most of Japanese like fish. = X

Most the Japanese like fish. = X



These sentences are both wrong. You can change them by following our formulas above:


Most Japanese like fish. = Ok

Most of the Japanese like fish. = Ok



Like I said, you have to use “Most” and “Most of” this way:



Most + Noun

Most of + extra word + Noun






What’s the Difference between 
Most” and “Most of”?




Most” is used with a general meaning, while “Most of” is used with a particular meaning. This means that when you say:



  1.     Most children like games.

  2.     Most of the children like games.




The first sentence has a general meaning. We are talking about children in general – perhaps in the whole world – and we aren’t thinking of any special group.



On the other hand, the second sentence has a particular meaning. This means it’s talking about a specific group of children.


Like this:


Most of the children (in our school) like games.

Most of the children (in my family) like games.



In summary,


Most children like games. = general

Most of the children like games. = particular/ specific





How about “Almost”?



The word “Almost” brings confusion to learners because it is very similar to “Most” in terms of appearance and sound.



But you have to remember that “Most” and “Most of” are Adjectives. On the other hand, “Almost” is in fact an Adverb.



What does this mean?



First of all, this means that “Almost” can’t describe a Noun, so it can’t be used like “Most” and “Most of” :


Almost Japanese like fish. = X

Almost of children like games. = X



Because “Almost” is an Adverb, it can describe a Verb, an Adjective, or another Adverb.



These sentences are all Ok:


He almost died. (Verb)

I’m almost ready. (Adjective)

We are almost there. (Adverb)



Almost” has the same meaning as “Nearly.”


So:


He nearly died.

I’m nearly ready.

We are nearly there.






How to Use “Almost” before a Noun




If you want to use “Almost” just like “Most” and “Most of,” you can follow this quick formula:


Almost + all/every + Noun


For example,


Almost all children like games.

Almost every child likes games.




CAUTION: Please remember that “All” will be followed by a plural Noun but “Every” will be followed by a singular Noun. (!)




All” can also be followed by of + extra word, just like “Most.”


Almost all of the children like games. = Ok



But not “Every”:


Almost every of the children like games. = X






What’s the Difference in Meaning between 
Most” and “Almost”?



Roughly, these are the percentages of “Most” and “Almost”:


Most = 80-99%

Almost all = 99%





Lastly…


How about “The most”?



The most” is a completely different expression from all the other three. We can use “Most,” “Most of,” and “Almost” to talk about how many people, things, places etc. but we can’t do the same with “The most.”



The most people have access to the Internet. = X

The most women love shoes. = X



From today, please remember that “The most” is usually used in making the Superlative form of some Adjectives and Adverbs. Like this:



expensive more expensive the most expensive

dangerousmore dangerous the most dangerous

quickly more quickly the most quickly



As you can see from our examples above, “The most” will be followed by an Adjective or an Adverb. Sometimes, it can also be followed by a Noun, but it still has the meaning of Superlative.


Ex.


Bill Gates has the most money among the three billionaires.

I’ve read the most books in our class.







Hope you learned something!

;-)








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