Monday, July 23

My, Mine, Myself








Our topic for today is these three words: my, mine and myself.



To differentiate them from one another, first we should discuss the first two.



Both “my” and “mine” are what we call Possessive expressions. This means they are both used to talk about ownership or the state of belonging.



For example,



Opps. Sorry but that’s MY umbrella.


Let me introduce you to MY sister.


That’s your seat and this is MINE.


Your computer’s fast but MINE is faster.





Now that you know they have the same meaning, let’s talk about how to use each of them…





My” is what we call a Possessive Adjective. On the other hand, “Mine” is a Possessive Pronoun.



It’s very important that you remember the different forms for each Pronoun. Take a look at this table:





Pronouns

Possessive Adjectives
Possessive Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns
I
My
Mine
Myself
He
His
His
Himself
She
Her
Hers
Herself
We
Our
Ours
Ourselves
You
Your
Yours
Yourself/ Yourselves
They
Their
Theirs
Themselves
It
Its
(None)
Itself





Like I said, it’s important that you memorize the exact forms on the table so you don’t mix them up. Because as you will later learn, the word “her” is very different from “hers.” And “our” isn’t really the same as “ours.”



The words in the second column (green-colored) are called Possessive Adjectives for one important reason: They act like Adjectives. This means they always have to be followed by Nouns.



Like this:


Possessive Adjective + Noun


My friend

Her shoes

His wallet

Their class

Our planet

Your hair

Its tail



On the other hand, the words in the third column (blue-colored) are called Possessive Pronouns. They are called this way because they’re also like Pronouns. They can stand all by themselves and we can use them alone.



For example,



Possessive Pronouns (+ Verb)


Mine (is)

Hers (can)

His (might)

Theirs (has)

Ours (brings)

Yours (makes)




Of course the context has to be clear for your idea to be understood. So the complete sentences for each of the phrases above are: 






Your necklace is made of silver. Mine is made of platinum. 


Your iPod can record 500 songs. Hers can record a thousand. 


Her appointment will be postponed. His might be cancelled. 


Our house has a swimming pool. Theirs has an elevator.


Their delivery boy tosses the paper onto their lawn. Ours brings it right to our doorstep. 


My husband makes $ 200, 000 a year. Yours makes half of that. 





Not only that, Possessive Pronouns, like real Pronouns, can also be used as Objects








As you can see from all our examples, the two sets of words (green and blue) are both Possessives and they have the same meaning: ownership. But because they belong to different kinds of Possessives, the way we will use each of them in a sentence would be different.



Please don’t mix them up like this:



My is large. = X


My will go there. = X


Mine bag is heavy. = X



Finally, this is the reason why when we use them together, it’s common to find them like this:



This is my bag. It’s mine. = Ok






Reflection




The word “myself” is different from the other two because it doesn’t talk about possession or ownership.



Rather, “myself” is called a Reflexive Pronoun.



The name “Reflexive” comes from the verbreflect,” which means to send back the same image. Like a mirror.







This is why, if you go back to our table above, all the Reflexive Pronouns (red-colored) have the word “self” or “selves”:



Pronoun

Reflexive
Pronoun
I
Myself
He
Himself
She
Herself
We
Ourselves
You
Yourself/
Yourselves
They
Themselves
It
Itself



This means that when you want to use them, the Subject and the Object of your sentence should be the same. The Doer is also the Receiver of the action.



Ex.


I will introduce myself.

He hurt himself.

She can’t understand herself. (She’s confused.)

We enjoyed ourselves.

They blame themselves.

Do you sometimes talk to yourself?

It recharges itself.







Hope you learned something!

;-)








Related Topic: Myself and By Myself: What's the Difference? 











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