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Saturday, August 27

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Friday, August 19

The Real Deal between “I LIKE” and “I WANT”








PART 1: SENTENCE




      The expressions “I like” and “I want” are very similar in our minds because we can use them in the same way:

   
  
        I like + Noun                                I want + Noun
                     
              
       I like books.                                   I want books.

       I like iced tea.                                I want iced tea.




And 



      I like + to + Verb                           I want + to + Verb


      I like to read books.                       I want to read books.

      I like to drink iced tea.                   I want to drink iced tea.




But we NEVER say...





                                    I like + to + Noun X                      


     I like to flowers. X                       I like to a hamburger. X





Learners usually make this mistake especially at the moment of speaking.




Now, about their meaning…





PART 2: MEANING
           



When I ask students about “I like” vs. “I want”, most of them answer that the difference is just a matter of degree. The feeling in “I want” is stronger than in “I like”.




        I guess this is true. But there is a much more important thing you must know about these expressions.




         Take a look:




                 A: Do you like pancakes?

                  B: Yes, I like pancakes.  ü



-- BUT --


                  A: Do you want pancakes?

                  B: No, not now. I’m not hungry. ü





         A: Do you like to play tennis?

                  B: Yes, I like to play tennis. ü



-- BUT --




                  A: Do you want to play tennis?

                  B: Sure. When?  ü

                  A: This weekend. ü



       As a matter of fact, “Do you like…?” is used to ask about a person’s hobby or favorite thing, food, sport etc. It is NOT used to invite someone.



    On the other hand, when you ask “Do you want…?”, you might be surprised to find that you are, in fact, making an offer or an invitation.




       Because…




I like… ======> general meaning ex. hobby, favorite, taste etc. (not now)



... while...



I want…  ======> specific meaning (now or in the future)





     We usually can’t feel this difference and we just think “want” is stronger than “like.”




***************
           


This is a very important point, as you will see in our examples below.




Please try to choose the right word:




            What do you like to do (this/ next/ every) weekend?



            What do you want to do (this/ next/ every) weekend?

.
.
.
.
.
.


These are the correct answers:




  What do you like to do (this/ next/ every) weekend?ü



  What do you want to do (this/ next/ every) weekend? ü





If you ask: "What do you like to do this weekend?," you will be wrong.




Why?  Because the meaning of your sentence is mixed:




Your Verb/ action has a general meaning while your time has a specific meaning.




Similarly, if you make a sentence, please say:





            I like to eat Chinese food. (usually, sometimes, every weekend, once a month) ü




-- Don’t say --




            I like to eat Chinese food tomorrow. X




Please say:




I want to eat Chinese food tomorrow. ü





            It will take a lot of practice to get used to them. But the first step is to try and change our wrong idea about these two words.
           















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Thursday, August 18

“I LIKE” と “I WANT” に隠されたミステリー (Trans. by Tomoko Tsutsui)








PART 1: 構造




     “I like” “I want”  という表現は雰囲気がとても似ている。なぜなら、これらは同じような使い方ができるからだ。

     

           I like +   名詞                                       I want + 名詞
                   
                 
           I like books.                                   I want books.

           I like iced tea.                                I want iced tea.


--そして



       I like + to動作動詞                   I want + to動作動詞



       I like to read books.                      I want to read books.

       I like to drink iced tea.                  I want to drink iced tea.




--でも、こうは言わない



                                    I like + to名詞   X   
                   

  I like to flowers. X                         I like to a hamburger. X





私たちは特にスピーキングの時、よくこういう間違いをする。



次に、これらの意味について







PART 2: 意味



           
生徒に“I like” “I want” について尋ねると、これらは程度が違うだけだとよく彼らは答える。“I want”   “I like” より気持ち的に強いと。



これは正しいだろう。けど、これらには知っておくべき、もっと、もーっと大事な違いがある。

        

            見てみよう:

           

            Ex. 


                 Q: Do you like cookies?

                  A: Yes, I like cookies.  

                                                              ¡



--対して--


                  Q: Do you want cookies?

                  A: No, not now. I’m not hungry. 
       
                                                               ¡


     Q: Do you like to play tennis?

                  A: Yes, I like to play tennis. 

                                                               ¡

--対して--



                  Q: Do you want to play tennis?

                  A: Sure. When?   ¡

                  Q: This weekend. ¡





      実際、“Do you like…?” は個人的な趣味や好きなもの、食べ物、スポーツなどを尋ねるときに使われるが、誰かを誘うときには使われない

      

        一方、あなたが“Do you want…?” と尋ねるときは、自動的にあなたは相手に依頼や招待をしている。

     

            なぜなら

         

I like… ======> 一般的な意味。例えば趣味、好きなこと、ライフスタイルなど(今ではない)



一方




I want…   ======> 具体的な意味 ( 未来)




   私たちは普段これらの違いを感じず、ただ“want” “like”より気持ち的に強いと考える。

           


*********************
           

            これはとても大事なポイントなので、ここで下の例題を見てみよう。



正しい単語を選んでください:






    What do you like to do (this/ next/ every) weekend?


    What do you want to do (this/ next/ every) weekend?






正解はコレです:



What do you like to do (this/ next/ every) weekend?

                                                                                              ¡

What do you want to do (this/ next/ every) weekend? 

                                                                                               ¡



もしあなたがWhat do you like to do this weekend? と尋ねたら、それは不正解だ。



なぜって?それは疑問文の意味が混ざっているからだよ。



あなたの動詞/行動(like) 一般的な意味を持つ。一方で、あなたの時間(this weekend)具体的な意味を持つ。




同じように、正しい文を作って、言ってみよう:




                     I like to eat Chinese food. (普段時々毎週末月に一度) 

                                                                     ¡

              


けど、こうは言っちゃダメ



            I like to eat Chinese food tomorrow. 

                                     X


こう言おう



I want to eat Chinese food tomorrow. 

                                           ¡




           この違いに慣れるにはたくさんの練習がいるだろう。だけど、まずは最初の一歩として、これらの2つの表現についての間違ったイメージを変えていこう!

                      








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