Wednesday, November 2

Afraid Of or Afraid To? (Part 2)





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If you still haven’t read Part 1 of this topic, kindly go to that part first before you continue reading this one. Just click this link:








If you’ve already finished reading Part 1, then go ahead and check our answers:




ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISE



  1. I am afraid to talk to her.

  2. He is afraid to go alone.

  3. She is afraid of getting injured.

  4. They are afraid to give any criticism.

  5. We are afraid to swim over there.

  6. You are afraid of making a mistake.

  7. I am afraid to take the test.

  8. I am afraid of getting a low score.

  9. He is afraid of losing his money.

  10. She is afraid to eat exotic foods.




It might seem confusing at first, especially if you haven’t had a lot of practice using “afraid of” and “afraid to.”



The secret lies in concentrating on the Verb that you are using. Don’t let yourself be confused by the meaning of the whole sentence.



For example,



Verb: make a mistake 


== > This Verb is an involuntary action.


== > We should use “afraid of.”





On the other hand,



Verb: make a sandwich


== > This Verb is a voluntary action


== > We should use “afraid to.”





Finally,



Verb: get bitten (by a dog)


= > This Verb is an involuntary action


= > We should use “afraid of.”






Here are the explanations to the rest of our examples. Please check if you had the same ideas and, if you made any mistakes, try to understand why:





  1. I am afraid to talk to her. = voluntary action

  2. He is afraid to go alone. = voluntary action

  3. She is afraid of getting injured. = involuntary action

  4. They are afraid to give criticism. = voluntary action

  5. We are afraid to swim over there. = voluntary action

  6. You are afraid of making a mistake. = involuntary action

  7. I am afraid to take the test. = voluntary action

  8. I am afraid of getting a low score. = involuntary action

  9. He is afraid of losing his money. = involuntary action

  10. She is afraid to eat exotic foods. = voluntary action






*Note: In the case of voluntary action or the meaning of being too frightened to do something, “afraid of” is actually also possible.


For example,



He is afraid to speak to her. (=Ok)


Or,


He is afraid of speaking to her. (=Ok)



But for a learner like you, since you’re not yet familiar with the basic difference between the two structures and it’s easy for you to confuse them, it would be better if you practiced them separately.



Like what we first did:




  • afraid of v+ing = involuntary action

  • afraid to base verb = voluntary action







Hope you got it!

Keep on learning !















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