Sunday, September 4

Just What are Stative Verbs?!

No action allowed! 

When we mention Verbs, most students think about Action Verbs.

But there’s another kind of Verb in English that’s equally important: Stative Verbs.

Stative Verbs are the exact opposite of Action Verbs. Action Verbs talk about movement or something dynamic. In other words, action.

But Stative Verbs talk about  condition, not action. That’s why their name is like that: Stative.

The most common examples of Stative Verbs are: 

like, love, hate, seem, be, have, believe, understand, know, think, belong, etc.

They also include the special Verbs that we call Sense Verbs:

Sense Verbs

                                        1. Sound

                                        2. Feel

                                        3. Smell

                                        4. Taste

                                        5. Look 


Now, why are Stative Verbs important?

Well, do you remember how we use Verbs in English? Especially how we make “V+ing”?

(If you don’t remember, please read “The Difference Between I'M CHATTING and I CHAT" first, then come back here)

When we talk about “right now,” we have to change the Verb into “V+ing” form. But when we talk about “every day, every night, usually, sometimes or never,” we should keep the Verb in simple form.

For example:

I study. (=EVERY WEEKEND)ü

- but -

I am studying. (=NOW) ü

They cook. (=ALWAYS) ü

- but -

They are cooking. (=NOW) ü

Stative Verbs, however, are a little different because we don’t use them like this. In fact, we can’t use them like this.

Stative Verbs can’t make the V+ing form.

For example,

(EVERY DAY=) I like apples. ü 

(NOW=) I'm liking apples. X

(NOW=) I like apples. ü

(ALWAYS=) I know her. ü

(NOW=) I'm knowing her. X

(NOW=) I know her. ü

WARNING: A few Stative Verbs can be both Stative and Action. So they can sometimes also be V+ing, depending on the situation.

For example, love, have, think, live, work, feel and our Sense Verbs above.  

This is all very confusing for students.

But at your level now (Beginner), the important thing is to know that there are some Verbs called Stative Verbs. And that we can’t use them in V+ing.

So, please remember that these Verbs are not usually used in V+ing form:

know, like, be, believe, understand, hate, seem, sound, belong, etc.

Thanks for reading my lesson.

Please don’t hesitate to ask if you have any questions. 
Keep on learning !

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